Biomechanical testing in orthopaedics and spinal surgery

Journal: Osteologie
ISSN: 1019-1291

Implantat und Knochen

Issue: Issues of 2015 (Vol. 24): Issue 3 2015 (143-206)
Pages: 152-157

Biomechanical testing in orthopaedics and spinal surgery

Current practices and standards

T. M. Grupp (1, 2), C. Kaddick (3), M. Baxmann (2)

(1) Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Orthopädische Klinik, Campus Großhadern, München; (2) Aesculap AG Forschung & Entwicklung,Tuttlingen; (3) EndoLab Mechanical Engineering GmbH, Thansau


standardization, spinal surgery, joint arthroplasty, pre-clinical evaluation


Since the beginning of the 1990s, the fields of knowledge in experimental orthopaedics and traumatology, biomechanics and biotribology have developed considerably. Innovative and sustainable products or also combinations of clinically proven design principles can only be pre-clinically evaluated on the basis of profound knowledge of biomechanics, biomaterials and the clinical application. Therefore, the development of suitable test methods for the characterization of new implant concepts requires interdisciplinary cooperation between research engineers, surgeons, biomechanic and material scientists, biologists and the active involvement in international standardization committees. The current state of research and development of test methods in joint endoprosthetics and spinal surgery is presented using selected issues of high clinical relevance.

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